DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION
By: Syed Kamal Hussain Shah
Water is life ,Water is a necessary nutrient . Clean water a basic right or can say Access to safe, clean water and safe hygienic sanitation may be a basic right. 2010, through Resolution 64/292, the UN General Assembly explicitly recognized the right to water and sanitation and acknowledged that clean drinkable and sanitation are essential to the conclusion of all human rights. The Resolution calls upon States and international organization’s to produce financial resources, help capacity-building and technology transfer to assist countries, particularly developing countries to produce safe, clean, accessible , and affordable beverage & sanitation for all. According to World health organization, the installation for every person must be sufficient and continuous for private and domestic uses. This includes ingesting, private sanitation, washing of garments, meals instruction, personal and household hygiene. Both are vital & advantages of getting access to an improved consuming water source & to advance sanitation to appropriate hygiene practices. Awareness of correct hygiene practices and their function in decreasing the unfold of ailment. Simply we are able to say The Importance of Proper Sanitation & Clean Water, there’s nevertheless plenty of labor to be achieved Access to scrub beverage and basic sanitation are vital for health, especially for youngsters. Poor hygiene sanitation, water , and sanitation have many serious consequences, illnesses like diarrhea ,Pakistan has made significant progress in improving access to sanitation but still several people practice open defecation. Lack of access to proper sanitation centers impacts negatively the fitness and well-being of children. Pakistan is one amongst the highest 5 international locations international in improving access to smooth water, respectable toilets and top hygiene. But not with standing this amazing development, over 17 million humans still have no choice, however to drink dirty water, and greater than two in five people don’t have a good bathroom. the broader availability of water and hygiene (WASH) still stays an oversized mission for Pakistan. per a survey on behalf of the Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources posted in 2012, 88% of the useful water deliver schemes in Pakistan provide water that’s risky for ingesting thanks to microbiological infection. Increased arsenic, nitrate and fluoride contamination become detected in ingesting water in diverse localities in Pakistan. Generally, water strain is low in Pakistani deliver structures. along with leaky pipes, this ends up in infiltration of contaminated water. The Clean drinkable water for All Programmed/Clean potable Initiative aim to boost the first-rate of ingesting water by way of building water treatment centers. Water pollution is one of the key threats to public health in Pakistan. potable quality is poorly managed and monitored. Pakistan ranks at range 80 amongst 122 countries concerning ingesting water exceptional. water resources, both surface and groundwater are contaminated with coliforms, poisonous metals and pesticides at some stage within the country. Various consuming water satisfactory parameters set by means of WHO are frequently violated. Human sports like wrong disposal of municipal and industrial effluents and indiscriminate packages of agrochemicals in agriculture are the first factors contributing to the deterioration of water satisfactory. Poor Sanitation is Stunting Children in Pakistan, – The alarming state of water and sanitation in Pakistan is creating major health hazards for the whole population and young children are particularly in danger, says a replacement International Bank for Reconstruction and Development report 2018. Mostly hill station in the world and In Pakistan clean water batter Sanitation system. Abbottabad Valley beautiful place Rich with natural water. The installation in Abbottabad area has relied on groundwater as water sources for a protracted time. In recent year water system is urgently required due to the rapid development and population increase within the area. In September 2010 JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) approved a 3.644 billion Yen grant to boost water system in Abbottabad . The project has no sanitation component. Dr Shahzad said The water and sanitation condition both in urban and rural communities was found poor but just in case of rural community it was worse. The facilities of drink were also scarce. The potable was found to be contaminated with E. coli, Enterobacter, Salmonella and Clostridium. Lack of awareness is the biggest reason for poor health of individuals within the studied areas. Sardar Zaheer Ex Youth counselor form city urban, public servant, Young Friends welfare association said working with oakdf try arranged issued of water and sanitation. water pipes & sanitation at a same place. all washroom material in it. few Doctors, INGO Visited us with refence of oakdf. Hope fully soon it wii be mapped out. No Government / authorities try and planned out issues. Doctors advise us to use boiled water. According to WSSSA , spoke person Umar Swati Currently, WSSCA depends upon Gravity water system (water treatment plant chuna) & water system (14 tube wells). the common daily production from these systems is around 3.7 Million gallons. However, considering the population of next 30 years, WSSCA is functioning on Asian Development Bank funded project for the extension of Gravity water system. during this system, another water treatment plant of upper capacity than the present one are going to be constructed so as to extend production from 3.7 MG to around 7 Million Gallon. Furthermore, wssca is incredibly keen in improving the standard of the water together with its quantity. during this regard, quite 100 water quality tests are performed at various locations of town. The water quality has also been improved by the rectification of pipe leakage works, replacement of old rusted pipelines, installation of latest valves and proper chlorination & cleaning of water tanks on regular basis.